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From Justice Definitions Project

Welcome to the Judicial Data Collaborative Definitions Project!

If you are here, it is because you have agreed to help drive this project and a member of the Editorial team has shared login credentials with you to access this page. In order to get started, we have created a short editing guide to help. If you (or an interested colleague!) don't have login credentials and would like to contribute to this project, please fill out this google form or write to

The project has three aligned objectives:

  • First, to create a public good for those interested in the justice system in India in the form of a research wiki that connects (i) formal institutions, (ii) actors, (iii) core concepts relating to their functioning, (iv) various metrics used to assess their performance and (v) demonstrates how challenging concepts have been measured. The wiki brings out linkages between official literature, public databases, and current research that analyses these facets. At present, the justice system is being observed through courts, police and prisons.
  • Second, to bring out some of the gaps, overlaps and challenges in understanding and consuming publicly available data released by Indian justice institutions.
  • Third, to act as a platform that allows contributors to discuss, suggest and agree on actionable ways that official "data creators" may adapt current practices to be more transparent, accessible and responsible to the public. These suggestions will not only be geared towards researchers but also technologists focused on interoperability of systems & developing tools that consume and add value to justice data.

Example articles

We've created a small set of sample articles to demonstrate the structure of potential pages and value to students, researchers, journalists, practicing lawyers and those involved in building technology for the justice system in India. These adhere to a common format and include:

Adjournment Advocate Affidavit Agreement (Competition Law) Anticipatory Bail
Appellate Tribunal of Electricity Appellate Tribunal of Fortified Property (SAFEMA) Armed Forces Tribunal Arrear Arrest
Backlog Bail Bench Beyond reasonable doubt Bihar Real Estate Appellate Tribunal
Cartel Case Clearance Rate Case Information System (CIS) Case Pending per Judge Causelist
Caveat Central Administrative Tribunal Central Bureau of Investigation Charge-Sheet Cognizance
Commercial Court Complaint Compounding Condonation of Delay Consumer court
Contempt Convict Court complex Court Establishment Court manager
Court-annexed Arbitration Centre Courts Criminal Leave Petitions Criminal Trial Custodial Violence
Custody Custom, Excise, and Service Tax AppellateTribunal (CESTAT) Debt Recovery Appellate Tribunal Debt Recovery Tribunal Decree
Delegated Legislation Detainee/Detenu Digital Courts Discharge Dominant Position
Ex-Ante Ex-Post Family court Fast Track Court Fast Track Special Court First Information Report (FIR)
Furlough Goa State Administrative Tribunal Government Litigation Gram Nyayalaya Haryana Real Estate Appellate Tribunal
Hearing Human Rights Commission Hypothecation ICJS Income Tax Appellate Tribunal
Industrial Tribunal Injunction Intellectual Property Appellate Tribunal Interlocutory application Investigating Officer
Investigation Judge Judge to Population ratio Judgement Judicial Custody
Judicial Workload Jurisdiction Karnataka Real Estate Appellate Tribunal Karnataka State Administrative Tribunal Kerala State Administrative Tribunal
Legal Services Authorities Lok adalat Madhya Pradesh Real Estate Appellate Tribunal Maharashtra State Administrative Tribunal National Company Law Appellate Tribunal
National Company Law Tribunal National Green Tribunal Natural justice Notary Open Court
Order Panchanama Paperless Court Parole Patent
Pendency Per Capita spend on Judiciary Perjury Petitioner Plea Bargain
Pledge Police Case Diary Police Complaints Authority (PCA) Police Custody Police Station
Prayer Pre-instituted mediation Predatory Pricing Presumption of Innocence Preventive Detention
Prison Probation Prosecution Protest Petition Public Prosecutor
Rajasthan Real Estate Appellate Tribunal Real Estate Appellate Tribunal Recusal Remand Remission
Repeal Respondent Roster Securities Appellate Tribunal Sentence
Special courts State Administrative Tribunal Subjudice Summary Case Summon Case
Tamil Nadu Real Estate Appellate Tribunal Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal Test Identification Parade Tie-in agreement Timeframe for Judicial Proceeding
Transfer Petition Tribunals Undertrials Uttar Pradesh Real Estate Appellate Tribunal Vakalatnama
Victim Victim Compensation Virtual Courts Virtual Hearing Warrant Case
West Bengal State Administrative tribunal Will Witness Witness Protection Writ Petition

This table of live definitions was updated on Monday, 8th April 2024. For definitions added to the wiki but not yet reflected in the table, please refer to the consolidated list at wiki uploads to explore the wiki further.

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